Re: [Lse-tech] Re: Real Time Runqueue
george anzinger (email@example.com)
Sat, 17 Nov 2001 00:41:15 -0800
Jesse Pollard wrote:
> Mike Kravetz <firstname.lastname@example.org>:
> > As you may know, a few of us are experimenting with multi-runqueue
> > scheduler implementations. One area of concern is where to place
> > realtime tasks. It has been my assumption, that POSIX RT semantics
> > require a specific ordering of tasks such as SCHED_FIFO and SCHED_RR.
> > To accommodate this ordering, I further believe that the simplest
> > solution is to ensure that all realtime tasks reside on the same
> > runqueue. In our MQ scheduler we have a separate runqueue for all
> > realtime tasks. The problem is that maintaining a separate realtime
> > runqueue is a pain and results in some fairly complex/ugly code.
> > Since I'm not a realtime expert, I would like to ask if my assumption
> > about strict ordering of RT tasks is accurate. Also, is anyone aware
> > of other ways to approach this problem?
> I used to do real-time (seismic survey navigation - sea, land and aircraft
> based systems). I've always admired some of the approaches used by the old
> VAX system (we did an adaptation for PDP-11/73 systems).
> The operation provided a mixed environment of RR and fixed priority operation.
> The core scheduler is based on a bit vector of no larger than 64 fixed priority
> queues. Each queue could then be handled in a FIFO or RR manner. Selection
> of the queue was done by a "first bit set" selection. This identified the
> queue that the process was to be selected. Each queue had a selection fuction
> that could implement any choses scheduling algorithm, but we only used FIFO
> and RR. Several properties were required:
> 1. Only runnable processes are permitted to exist in the queues.
> 2. An empty queue had the corresponding bit value of zero.
> 3. Any queue with pending processes had the corresponding bit set to 1.
> Our adaption took the bit vector, converted it to floating point, and
> subtracted the exponent bias from the exponent. This gave us the "first bit
> set" in the vector. This index can then be used to select the queue and
> the selection algorithim. The return value is always the process to run.
> If the current process matches the original value, then return to the
> already loaded context; otherwise a context swich was called for. Also note
> that the current context contained the queue identifier. This makes it
> simple to save the current context. Of course, if the vector were zero then
> the idle task was invoked.
Take a look at http://sourceforge.net/projects/rtsched/ to see a linux
scheduler that uses very much this same thing. No floating point, but
there are find first bit instructions on most machines.
Real time sched: http://sourceforge.net/projects/rtsched/
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